Memorion Manual

About Memorión

Memorión (pronounced MemoriON) is Spanish for "amazing memory"…

The ultimate flash–card program based on an advanced spaced-repetition algorithm.
Multi-level categories help to organize huge card stacks and allow true multi-directional learning.
Easy and powerful editing and vast configurability of card stacks are further highlights.

Version nnnn @2011-2014
EULA

Volker Westphal
Email: Memorion@gmx.net[[email:Memorion@gmx.net]]

Special thanks for helping with the language wizard: Flavie, Elisa, Haisen, Asia, Débora, Francisco, Chaitanya, Matthias, Maria, Jördis, Maxim and Sudhan, Jan for the testing and Lena for proof-reading the help texts.



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User Feedback

If Memorión is lacking a feature, is not behaving as expected or even crashes:
• send a description of the issue to Memorion@gmx.net[[email:Memorion@gmx.net]]
• attach the latest backup (in SDCard/Memorion/Backup) or file you cannot import.

Motivate me with 5 stars.

This is a hobby of mine and I am always happy to improve!



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Beginners Startup Pages

The Basic Idea

Flashcards on paper work well. But programs using spaced-repetition-based algorithms reduce the workload 10 to 50-fold by repeating cards just with the right timing, neither bore you with easy items nor let you start-over on long-forgotten ones.

This makes learning fun, since you can see the number of committed cards rise quickly. If you put in about 10-20 minutes daily, you can learn 5-10 new items a day.



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Beginners Features

The essential functions to get you started:
LanguageWizard
Quizlet
Auto-Commit of cards
Review cards: test and grade your remembrance of the cards
Help
Searching
Statistics
UserModes



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Memorión Specials

** For large databases (I have >20000 cards in mine), with multi-level sub-categories
•  LanguageWizards to learn new languages. They generate the card stacks with >100 language combinations having 500-700 cards each.
•  Easy editing of cards & stacks, for users who live with they cards and constantly update them on the go.
This includes Copy/Paste on various levels, editing multiple cards at once, swapping fields, searching, etc.

•  Imports Supermemo and AnyMemo, keeping all the learning progress
•  Multidirectional learning
•  Two learning models. The simpler is more Anki or AnyMemo-like, while the second gives you more control about learning cards on short and long-term basis.
•  14 charts to document your learning progress and future workload
•  Awards as a progress feedback
•  Up to 8 text fields/card, allow to have extra information such as word articles, examples, web links etc. in separate fields.
•  Wizards for multimedia cards
•  A flexible display mechanism separates data from visualization, making beautiful cards without any formatting instructions in the card fields
•  >100 dictionaries, such as ColorDict, Pons, VOX, Collins, Langenscheidt, SlovoEd, Paragon, LEO, Dict.cc and more
•  Searching and Filtering
•  3 User modes



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Language Wizard

You want to start learning a new language? Great!
• Memorión creates card stacks for 14 languages
• Pick the language pair you need
• the chapter 'Start' contains the most important expressions to get you up and running
Also look for a language class or someone who speaks the language well to practice. Grammar can also made into cards, but creating them yourself is really the most important part in understanding it.
Commit a few cards daily and don't forget to review them.



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Stacks and Cards

For a beginner the card database is organized as a list of stacks with a set of cards within each.
• In higher user modes, stacks can be configured in color, learning-direction and many more options as your user-experience increases.
: As you progress to higher user modes, cards can be categorized in multiple levels using substacks.



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Learning (Beginners)

Freshly loaded or created cards are idle (), to be able to learn a new stack in small portions.
When you commit () them into the Review process, they are first tested (reviewed) frequently, but the interval will roughly double each time you recall them (Memorión fine-tunes this increase depending on your previous answers, to ask you just before you forget). Only if you forget them (), the interval will be reset to short values.

This is very efficient, most of my cards I only reviewed 6 or 7 times over the last 6 years and many have now intervals of several 1000 days.

One button is blinking slightly to suggest the next action to take.



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Searching

Searching is a powerful tool, both inside the card database and in external programs (>200 dictionaries).
is available on the ItemList and the CardEdit page. In the latter it uses directly the word the cursor is located on.



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Icons

Many icons are used in the program and help pages:
=> User mode
=> Gestures

=> Stacks
=> Cards
=> Auto modifier
,, => Awards
=> Commit, Activate, Release
=> Review answers



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Pages & Pathways




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Advanced Startup Pages

Advanced Features

This starts showing all the editing and configuration possibilities of Memorión:
Learn/Edit mode
Card / Stack wizards
Multi-Selection
Renaming and Merging
Stack Configuration page
• Improved CardView page
• More Import / Download of stacks (Quizlet moves there)
Program Preferences
User Feedback
• Cut, Copy & Paste of cards and stacks as well within cards
• An advanced learning model. The beginner model is more Anki or AnyMemo-like, while the advanced gives you more control about learning cards on short and long-term basis.
• Multi-level substacks, e.g. to facilitate multi-directional learning or the categorize a stack in several topics
Card Connections keep cards with different learning directions coherent



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Advanced Learning

**The Beginners mode only had a simple one-step model: You commit idle cards into the Review process and do the Reviews necessary.
• The Advanced model enables an additional Study layer to memorize cards flexibly into short-term memory.
Idle card need to be activated first and when known, they can be committed into the Review process, but can also be removed from there without harm. Committed cards can be placed there in a Review with 2 new answer buttons, either due to poor answer quality or voluntarily, to be refreshed.
You have more control, but it is more complex.

For me, probing the long-term memory and memorizing something are distinct things, and the advanced model with the simpler answer options reflects this, also in the faster user gestures in Study mode.

Internally the algorithms are the same, but the details are hidden from the user in the Beginners mode. Therefore you can switch back and forth between the two without harm.




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Stack & Substacks

In AdvancedMode stacks can have multi-level substacks to organize them into subtopics.
This is similar to folders and files, but all remains in the same database, with all its advantages.

In multi-directional learning scenarios the corresponding cards are organized in neighboring substacks and are kept coherent by the Twin and Brother mechanism (only enabled in stack level 2 or deeper).



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Twins, Brothers & Peers

Cards can have family connections, usually by making stack copies.
Twins: are identical cards, when one has been changed, the twin cards can be automatically updated.
Brothers: cards that used to be Twins, but are not identical anymore, e.g. language cards with different multiple meanings in both directions. The family bond connects them for easy editing on the CardEdit page.
Peers: The program also looks for cards that are identical in one of the first two fields. These might be similar cards you might want to combine this one with.
This mechanism is only enabled in the 2nd stack level or deeper.



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Pages & Pathways




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Expert Startup Pages

Expert Features

ExpertMode allows a lot more editing and configuring.
However, more control comes at the slight risk of breaking things, therefore use it wisely.

• Search and Replace
Filters allow to look for cards based on various criteria.
Export of files
• Item List shows more data, such as date, learning progress etc.
• Edit Themes & Mappings, you can also make your own.
Multi Edit enable to edit several cards at once.
Merging&Splitting of stacks
Localize multimedia files in different folders on the SD card, for each stack
Cache Weblinks for all cards selected, so you don't rely on an online connection when visiting cards with weblinks later on.
• More Stack configurations, e.g change of image sizes and Wizards



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Edit Themes

Themes have several common placeholders in all of them, where the Mappings will place the card field contents.
The Themes are more about the card appearance, for each placeholder you can define font size, color, horizontal location, background etc.



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Edit Mappings

Mapping are more about content, which data field(s) go to which placeholder in the theme.
Therefore they are very useful for multi-direction learning schemes based on the same cards.



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Search & Replace

After you have searched for cards with containing certain text, you can replace this text by another.
You can select the cards to be effected.



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Multi Edit of Cards

Memorión supports up to 8 card fields. Sometimes, it is useful to
• Swap Fields
• Set Fields
• Merge & Split Fields
• Extract articles
for many cards at once.
Details here.



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Split&Merge Stacks

Memorión supports to both split large stacks into smaller ones (to allow for faster handling and editing, based on various criteria) or to combine similar substacks into one larger (e.g. you put new cards in a small stack and when you are done with editing and committing, you add these to the large pool in a different stack).



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Make Family

Normally family bonds between cards (Twins and Brothers) are generated while copying a stack.
In ExpertMode you can do this manually between cards of a search result or by comparing stacks directly. The latter helps to establish bonds between cards imported from other programs. (TBI)



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Filter Cards

Filtering is done not by card content, but by learning progress
This allows e.g. to identify the toughest cards to either Release or improve them.



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Pages & Pathways




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FAQ

Design good flashcards

Good flashcards have a short and clear answer. Everything that would require lengthy recollections should be split in 2 or more cards, each nice and easy, otherwise you never get the answer right and the card will haunt you ;-).
For language cards, I put other related words on the backside (expression, verbs, nouns, antonyms etc., placed in the 'Family' field), but I don't grade myself on their recall. But I might put the card on the Study heap manually, if I feel they are important to remember better.

See also SuperMemo.com.



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Learning, best practice

One ingredient of memorizing facts is repeating them. Memorión helps to do this with the least possible frequency (but you need to do the Reviews on a regular basis. It is better to do it just every other day, than doing it daily for 20 days and than have a break of 10 days). This helps with the 2nd essential: make it fun! Your brain associates facts with the circumstances you learned them, and nobody likes to be reminded on unpleasantness...
Therefore, make cards simple and add images, sounds etc.

Starting in , the Review is split into Study and Review. The former is to get the fact into your short-term memory, repeat it as often until you fell secure. The latter probes and strengthens your long-term memory.
Find a regular time in the morning to finish the Review and afterwards Study 2-3 times a day, whenever it is convenient.



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Help, too much work

You have too many cards to review, what can you do?
Stop committing new cards: these generate many reviews early in their learning process. When you stop committing, the workload will drop continuously, but it will take a week to become really noticeable
Release most difficult cards: normally there are a few cards that you forget frequently and that produce the most reviews. You can find them by sorting by Lapses or Difficulty. Either delete or release them or even better, reformulate or split the card content to make it more memorable.
Conservative answers: this sounds counter-intuitive, but giving too optimistic answers might increase the intervals too quickly and you might have forgotten the cards in one of the future reviews, meaning you have to start all-over. Works in the long run.
Postpone overdue cards to after the review of more recent cards is done: can be set in Prefs (), shows these cards only after the regular review.
This is a good option to catch up after a vacation, but finish them as soon as possible.

Release stacks you don't need any more: do this only as a last resort, since you will loose the precious learning progress so far. Quick fix.

Memorión cannot change how your brain works, therefore postponing reviews just means you are more likely to forget the card completely, which let's you start anew, with even more work in the long run.



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Change card appearance

The card display can be changed in StackConfig:
Color background: can be a quick visual hint to which kind of questions card belongs. I e.g. learn severval languages, with the same words being asked in each. The Spanish cards have a yellow (flag), the French a blue (flag), the Nepali a gray (mountains) and all others a marron background around the cards
Font size: sets the general size on the card, useful to adapt to the screen size on the device, e.g. tablets could have 200% and very small phones 80%
Theme: select the arrangement and styles of the question, answer, header and footer fields from a selection
Mapping: change with field of the card is shown as question, answer, etc. Useful for bidirectional learning, select from a few default
Edit Mappings: define your own, e.g. cards that show Field 6 on the top of the card, or add a fixed text to the question, like 'Name the capital of '
Edit Themes: let's you change about everything in the themes: font size, styles, colors (font and background), borders and alignment



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Move Cards & Stacks

Both are moved the same way, using the Copy/Paste mechanism in the EditMode of the ItemList page:

Select the items to move
Cut () the items into a buffer
Goto the stack the items should be
Paste () the items
Done

Copy and Clone leave the source items in place.

In , there is also level up () and down (), as well as split () and merge ().



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Multi-directional learning

For me, it is very helpful to learn the same cards in two or more directions. E.g. for languages, both the active and passive recollection are necessary when you speak and read.

How to do it: Assumming there are cards in a stack and you want to make two substacks, one is asking for the first field and one for the second.
• Open StackConfig
• Wizard/Bidirectional Q/A Stack
• optional: change from Simple to other wizard modifiers (Language etc.)
• Field and substack names are preset, change if you like
• if any of the cards to be distributed are committed or on the Study heap, pick the right substack for these cards to go to.
• The other properties can be changed as well.
Whenever you have again single cards in this stack you can repeat the above steps, to either generate new substacks or to merge them with the existing ones.

In , you can also select a datafolder. Useful, if the cards contain multimedia content: If the datafolder is set here, the substacks can share the same files. Otherwise you have to set it in each substack later on.
The LanguageWizard can create both directions directly.



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Images & Sounds

Images and sound can be directly inserted as filenames or weblinks in the edit fields of the cards. The display mechanism understands them right away, without the need of any difficult HTML code on every single card, as in other programs. The links have to be separated by ' ' form other words..
Weblinks need to include a leading 'http://', while files need to be placed on the SD card in Memorion/Files.
In , this location can be changed for every single stack, but several stacks can share the same folder (e.g. in multi-directional schemes).

CardWizards helps to pick the files from the SD card or to generate new files and weblinks.



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Sharing Data

Many programs can share data like text or weblinks with others. On receiving data, Memorión will do for:
Weblinks: if they are from supported websites, a complete stack will be imported. Sharing programs are most browsers (Chrome, Opera, etc.)
Other Text: text will be imported as a new card into the last visited (sub)stack. Twin cards might be generated.
If CardEdit was the last visited page, the text will be added to this card.
This is well tested for ColorDict, but should also work for others.

Sometimes programs and websites change, breaking the functionality, or if you have other sharing sources and targets in mind: please tell me about it.



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Create cards on PC

At least 3 possible ways:
MS Word: Create a table (with up to 8 columns), each row represents a card, the columns represent the different fields on the card. When >1 table is in the file, only the first is used. Save as *.docx (Word 2007+).
MS Excel Uses the data on the first sheet to generate cards, keep data you don't want to import now in other sheets. Save as *.xlsx (Excel 2007+).
Both office formats allow <RETURN>s within fields, <TAB>s are replaced by ' '.
Just the text is used, not the formating.

Plain text This is a pretty universal import filter, which allows you to configure the characters to separate the card fields, to separate the cards, the characters for line breaks within fields, and the encoding used (for special characters like 'äáê').Don't use <TAB>s within fields.



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Migrating from SuperMemo

As a long-term SuperMemo user (PalmOS), I loved the flexibility and power of the MapleTop program. I couldn't find anything similar in the Play Store in 2010, which triggered project Memorión for me. It started out to be similar with the original program, but soon enough I extented and expanded some of the old concepts (I looked at SuperMemo the other day, yes, the changes are substantial, I could barely use it anymore, but also, since I had forgotten how to use my good, old Centro itself...).
You can import SuperMemo files directly.

Main changes:
Stack Levels: originally there where only stacks and categories. Now it can go up to 6 levels deep.
Family Bonds: I am a huge fan of multidirectional learning. In the SuperMemo, when editing, it was a pain to keep both directions updated. Memorión does this automatically and the cards don't even have to be identical! (Boy, that was a tough one)
Images, Sound files: are now fully supported
Wizards: to generate language stacks in many languages, to configure one or multidirectional stacks, to generate cards with images, photos, recording, translations directly
Nomenclature: some terms have changed:
- Commitment stays commitment, but in AdvancedMode and above, you have to activate (to drill) them first
- Test: Review
- Drill: Study Heap and to activate
- Reset: now is called Release
- Stacks & Categories: now stack and substack, up to 6 levels deep
- Template: Themes and Mappings

Themes & Mappings: this is an extension of the Templates. With many stacks it was always a pain to keep the templates coherent looking. Now you assign a stack a named theme and mapping. If those named themes and mappings are reconfigured themselves, it reflects automatically everywhere. Also Inheritance allows you to keep a consistent look within a branch of the stack tree.
Learning model: internally it is still very similar to SuperMemo, but for I hid the Drill, to simplify. But internally it is still there and called Study for .
UserModes: other programs in the market are far simpler than SuperMemo ever was, but lack the concepts of substacks, most only have 2 card fields, not templates. User modes allow for a smoother start into a fully featured program.
Stack Configuration: goes a lot further then the templates, especially to support multi-directional learning, language configuration, Auto-Commitment
Scope of operation: all functions work on selected items or on all in the list, if nothing is selected



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SuperMemo import

Memorión can import SuperMemo 2.0 (PalmOS, *.pdb) directly, both from SD card and from the web.

Card information:
• full text (issues with non-ASCII characters like Russian script)
• complete learning progress
• grouping into categories

Category information:
• category name
• edit field names
• asking direction, based on the assumption that in the list view on the Palm the asking field is on the left and the answer on the right

What is missing due to the fact that the file-format is not fully known to me (the only documentation I have is an EMACS import filter, written in Lisp, with Hungarian comments):
• Templates (just too incompatible)
• In some cases (categories have been deleted in SuperMemo): connection between the category definition and the its group of cards ('to rename' stacks with cards will have to be connected manually with the respective category definitions)
Auto Connect: tries to automatically connect groups of cards with categories found in file
Manual Connect: forces manual connection, needed only when Auto Commit fails



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Import from AnyMemo

Memorión imports native AnyMemo databases (*.db), including the learning progress.
Memorión keeps track on more parameters, therefore the complete answer history, the commitment date and the previous interval are missing. Databases created before AnyMemo 9.0 will also miss the creation day, and those past 9.0 the number of recalls/lapses will be set to zero.



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Selection rules

(1) Item Selector (right side):
toggles item selection, regardless of others
selects exactly this one, deselects the rest
toggles item and changes selection of a range (). With the first swipe you special select () an item, a 2nd swipe on a different item will set the selection of all item in-between to the new value. A 2nd swipe on the same item clears the special select.

(2) Select Button (bottom left):
• changes image depending on selection (nothing, single item, multiple items)
selects all items if nothing was selected before or clears all otherwise
inverts selection

All actions operate on the selected items and, when nothing is selected, the current stack (e.g. StackConfig, Statistics)



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Card updating rules

1) When exiting the card:
: Save or Discard changes.
: confirm changes on this and linked Family cards.
Friend cards are unchanged.

2) Going to a Family card:
Only the target card will be updated.

Color scheme: bottom of this.




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Dictionary Usage

100s' of dictionaries are supported (mail me if one is not working as supposed, there are just too many for me to test beforehand):
Pons & SlovoEd apps:
- Open Dictionary API Alliance
- offline content, on Google Play
- fully integrated into Memorión to generate new and improve cards
- lookup words
- recommended by me

Langenscheidt & VOX:
- all Paragon-powered dictionaries
- offline content, on Google Play
- allows word lookup via clipboard (if dictionary settings 'Translate clipboard' is enabled)
- but they don't allow to copy data back (publishers' restriction)

Dict.cc:
- offline content, on Google Play
- allows word lookup via clipboard (if enabled in dictionary settings)
- pick right language in dict.cc beforehand
- manual copy/paste

Google Translate:
- online only, no installation
- many languages
- can lookup words and generate cards
- only a single word as a result

PONS online:
- online only, no installation
- >30 languages pairs
- can lookup words
- no copy/paste (copyright)

LEO online:
- online only, no installation
- 7 languages pairs
- can lookup words
- starting in Android 4.0 you can manually copy text

ColorDict:
- offline and online content, on Google Play
- Wikipedia as a possible source
- can paste content via Share into new cards

Most dictionaries use/require the languages set in StackConfig. Those, that don't match the languages set, are hidden.



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How to set family bonds

There are several ways to establish Family bonds:
Add Card offers to create Twins in neighboring stacks
• Multidirectional CardWizards
Search page allows join cards manually (Link.
Copy of cards or stacks can be configured to create bonds



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Learning Models

**Beginners have a simple one-step model: You commit idle cards into the Review process and do the Reviews necessary.
• The Advanced model has an additional Study layer to memorize cards flexibly into short-term memory.
Idle card need to be activated first and when known, they can be committed into the Review process, but can also be removed from there without harm. Committed cards can be placed there in a Review with 2 new answer buttons, either due to poor answer quality or voluntarily, to be refreshed.
You have more control, but it is more complex.

For me, probing the long-term memory and memorizing something are distinct entities, and the advanced model with the simpler answer options reflects this, also in the faster user gestures in Study mode.

Internally the algorithms are the same, but the details are hidden from the user in the Beginners mode. Therefore you can switch back and forth between the two without harm.




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Card numbers are wrong

It might happen that the numbers of cards that are in a stack, due for review or study, committed etc. are off. Memorión tries to keep track of these numbers to avoid time-consuming recounts, but sometimes fails.
To fix it, just start ExpertMode/EditMode/Repair/RecountStacks.

You can try the other repair functions without any harm, refer to the context help of this button.



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Known Issues

Little bugs or annoyances that don't do any harm:
Orientation Change during long operation:
Might mess up the selection (press SelectButton on the bottom left) or the list is gone (just turn once again)
Flashcard is not shown: Just reenter the page.
Happens sometimes, when Memorión was overlaid by another program or when you shake the phone: To speed up starting of the page, I put many things in background tasks and sometimes this goes wrong.

• All Reviews and Commits are suddenly gone (happens on some phones in the morning): Unknown course, fixed by /Service/RecountStacks
• using Help in 'Search & Translate' and on the CardWizard dialog blocks the function of the other elements. Starting another program and returning does the same. Fix: just re-enter the dialog
Pons Online would not scroll: due to ads on the page. Fix: Try again, normally it works after a few seconds.
Speak button would not work, even it did just before. Fix: re-enter CardView page



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Program suggestions, bugs, and crashes

You have an improvement idea, please use Memorion@gmx.net!

With a program this complex, there is always a slight chance that it is malfunctioning or crashing, since I cannot test any possible configuration and order of taps.
That said, most crashes are harmless, you just restart and fine (at most you lost the editing you just did). For the rare case that something corrupts the database, there are daily backups: You just reload the latest backup and at max you lost the repetitions of the day.

How to help:
- Email me a bug description
- Send me a crash report.
• Just go to Notifications in the top bar of the phone and tap 'Memorión has crashed'
• Leave a short note of the circumstances.
• Tap OK
• The phone is only sending me type and brand of the phone, version of Android and Memorión and the program line and error of the crash.

Thank you very much.



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Glossary

Activation

Freshly loaded or created cards are idle, such that you can learn them one-by-one.
In , Activation is done before Commitment of cards and puts them into the Study heap for short-term memorization.
From there, there can be committed into the long-term Review process.
: Daily Auto-Activation (in the stack configuration) can automate this for you.



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Auto-Commit/Activation

Automatically adding idle cards to the learning process first thing in the morning.
To prevent review-build-up, new cards are only committed when yesterdays had a positive review
.

• Each stack defines its daily quota (Commit dialog)
In multi-level stacks this can only be set in one stack level, but for multiple stacks in this level.

Icon modifier (in yellow):
: the number of cards to be added automatically
: auto-commits are fullfilled
More in :
: automatics defined in stack levels below
: automatics defined in stack levels above



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Awards

The awards tell you, how well you know the cards in this stack.
It is based on the average interval of all committed cards within as well as the number of committed cards.

The stars can be in bronce (), silver(), or gold(). Each metal has 3 levels, resulting in 9 levels total.

Awards are given out when you finished the long-term Review of all stacks for this day.

The interval thresholds are:
: 20 days
: 50 days
: 100 days
: 200 days
: 400 days
: 800 days
: 1300 days
: 2000 days
: 3000 days



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Brother Cards

Brothers are connected by a Family bonds.
• Normally they are modified former Twins (e.g. bidirectional language cards that have a different number of translations in both directions).
• They have to be in this or neigboring substacks.
• Mutual card updating still works, sometimes with manual assistance.

On the CardEdit page, the user can conveniently jump between Brother and Twin cards.




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Card

Each card has up to 8 lines that hold the text of the card (question, answer, additional information, web links etc.). I personally like to add the word family, kind and article (for vocabulary) and the source of the information to the card as well. Therefore card content can be better structured than just with 2 simple Q/A fields.

Additionally each card stores its learning progress; among other things: when the next Review will happen and and how difficult it is for you.
• The Theme and Mapping (selected on the StackConfig page) define where which fields are shown on the card.
• With the articles separated, an alphabetically sorted list is a lot more useful.

Card Visualization



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Card Visualization

Memorión takes a more flexible approach to display cards than other programs. It is a three-step process:
Cards define the content, having e.g. one language in one field, one in the other, the article in a 3rd and an image in another field. This is plain text, no formatting.
Themes (set per stack): define location and styling of placeholders on the final image.
At its core, a theme is defined in HTML, making it extremely flexible. But you can as well just use
(and modify ) the pre-made themes.
Mappings (also set by stack): define where the card content, stackname etc. is put into the theme placeholders.
This way you can easily generate multi-directional scenarios, always using the same card content.




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Commit(ment)

Freshly loaded or created cards are idle, such that you can learn them one-by-one.
Committing a card puts it into the long-term memorization Review cycle.
Meaning, Memorión takes care that you will never forget it anymore, but also that you are committing yourself to do the necessary work.
In , this is preceded by the Activation to learn it into the short-term memory, a step that is hidden in .



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Card Family

Cards that are connected via the Family-mechanism, are either Twins (identical) or Brothers (different).
• This connection can be established on several ways.
• It is used for mutual edit updates of cards, either when leaving the CardEdit page or when jumping between cards.
• Very useful for Multidirectional stacks.
• The number of family members is not limited, but >4 is probably not useful.
Family members can be in the same or in neighboring substacks.




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Gesture or Swipes

Some user interface elements can perform more functions when you do a gesture on them:
: the standard tap
: a long tap
: tapping the sides
: touch, swipe quickly to the left and lift
: touch, swipe quickly to the right and lift
: swiping downwards
: swiping upwards
: swiping quickly left and right, returning to the starting point
: swiping quickly left and right, returning to the starting point
: swiping quickly a circle, returning to the starting point

Special functions by page:
ItemList page
CardView page
CardEdit page
StackConfig page
Statistics page



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Idle Cards

Idle cards don't participate neither in the Study nor in the Review process.
Cards have this dormant state when they are freshly loaded, created or released.
You can use this state to commit cards one-by-one and use the others for future use.
But: Storing thousands of unnecessary idle cards might slow down the program.



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Learning Progress

Each card stores information about the current interval and difficulty, the past anwers, when committed etc.
This information is used to predict when to review the card with a only 10% chance that you have forgotten it.
This learning progress can be checked on the Statistics page and will be erased with Release.This learning information is very valuable, since it allows gives you the 20 to 50-fold workload reduction compared to paper flashcards. Guard it!



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Mapping

Mappings are more about content, which data field(s) go to which placeholder in the theme (Card Visualization).
Therefore they are very useful for multi-direction learning schemes based on the same cards.

Default Mappings




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Peer Cards

Cards in this or neighboring substacks that are either
Family (, ) or
Friend().




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Release

Releasing a cards clears all learning progress of a card and puts it back in a idle state, where it is just storage for the text fields.



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Review

Memorión estimates when a card will be forgotten and exams the user shortly before that date, doing the Review.
The result determines the next interval. Positive or negative reviews are called Recalls and Lapses, respectively.
Theses repetitions make up the Review process.
It is therefore necessary to do the Review at least every few days. Otherwise you will be frustrated since you will be examed on to many cards you have forgotten already.




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Stack

For a beginner the card database is organized as a list of stacks with a set of cards within each. Normally, each stack holds cards of similar kind, e.g. Spanish vocabulary or the list of capitals in Europe.
Each stack can be configured in color, learning-direction and many more options as your user-experience increases.
As you progress to higher user modes, cards can be categorized in multiple levels using substacks.
This allows for true multidirectional schemes and to structure large databases with several 1000s of cards more efficiently



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Stack Inheritance

Every stack has several properties defining the appearings of its cards.
To simplify a more consistent look within several stack level, stacks can inherit these properties from the stack above. E.g. if a stack has an inherited green background color in all substack levels, changing this color in the top-most stack to blue will alter all substacks as well.. Inherited values are shown in italics (i as inherited), values set in this stack are bold.



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Study

When a card is in the Study heap, it needs to be memorized into the short-term memory.
Study has three different functions:
Learn newly activated cards
Relearn forgotten cards
Refresh incompletely remembered cards in the Review process



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Theme

Themes have several common placeholders in all of them, where the Mappings will place the card field contents (Card Visualization).
The Themes are more about the card appearance, for each placeholder you can define font size, color, horizontal location, background etc.

Default Themes




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Twin Cards

Identical cards in this or neighboring substacks, generated by copying the stack or by a stack configuration wizard.
Text changes are mutally updated between Twins, unless the user decides otherwise (the cards are than Brothers).

On the CardEdit page, the user can conveniently jump between Brother and Twin cards.




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User Mode

Memorión has many features. In order to give you a smooth start, there are 3 user mode levels:
BeginnerMode
AdvancedMode
ExpertMode

You can change the user mode within the preferences or on the main page with the action in the title bar.

Features used in higher modes stay in effect when returning to lower modes (e.g. substacks).
Some users prefer to stay e.g. in and use the more crowded only temporarily.



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Wizards (Card)

Card Wizards simplify creation of new cards, especially when images, sounds or translations are involved.
Also on the CardEdit page.

Web Search
Take Photo
Record Audio
Translate



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Wizards (Stack)

The stack wizard helps to preconfigure the stack for different single and multi-directional scenarios.
Properties with a will change properties with and further down the list.
: In multi-directional wizards new substacks are generated and each substack will be filled with the cards that are located directly in the current stack.

Most wizards can be modified, e.g. to show language with or without an article.
When changing the wizard, the properties not set by the wizard itself are reverted to values when entering the page.

: Due to a program limitation, in multi-directional scenarios the stack name has to remain unchanged (and is therefore hidden).



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Extra

Context Help

Memorión explains itself using the button:
The background turns dark red and tapping most elements gives you a brief explanation.

Quit this by tapping again or use Exit Help on the help page itself.

Most functions show their context help text the first time you use them, or when the help has changed.



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Card Visualization

Default Themes

**DefaultTheme: has 2 header lines to show e.g. the stack name and the parent stack name; the backside displays both, the question and the answer, separated by a line
CompactTheme: squeezes the 2 header lines into one, good for devices with a small screen
DarkBar: separates question and answer by applying a dark background to the question
LargeQA: extra large question & answer, e.g. to learn characters in a different script



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Default Mappings

**Basic 1»2: Asking for the 1st field, expects the 2nd as an answer. Shows the stack and the parent stack name in the header lines.
Basic 2»1: Reverse asking direction to Basic 1»2
Basic 3»1: Asking for the 3rd field
Extended 1,3»2: ask for field 1 and 3 (separated with a <RETURN>). This is used for the Stack Wizard modifier Add 3rd Field and Simple Language; the 3rd field could be a media file e.g. an image, always shown below the question.
Extended 2,3»1: Reverse asking direction to Extended 1,3»2
Language 1»3+2: for fully-featured language cards, with an article, the word family, the kind of word, and source in fields 3 to 6.
The kind of word is shown on the top right of the card. Separating the article allows alphabetic sorting of the item list in respect to the word in field 2. The media field is moved to field 7 and always shown below the question.

Language 3+2»1: reverse direction to Language 1»3+2
Language 2»1,3: a mapping for a language without article, but with a 2nd script (always shown in the answer).
Language 2»1,3: reverse direction to Language 1»2,3

Legacy Mappings:
Language 1»2: similar to Language 3+1»2, but without the article field. You can replace it with Extended 1,3»2 or Language 3+1»2
Language 2»1: reverse direction to Language 1»2

New Mappings can be created in .



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Google Translate

Google Translate is generally good.
But to my experience, it has some difficulties with ambiguities, especially when you are translating between two non-english languages (since it seems to use english as an intermediate language). Therefore don't rely completely on Google Translate, but also use secondary sources to confirm the translation.
Memorión supports the large selection of SlovoEd-based dictionaries.

Google charges me for the translations, therefore I will resell those in the future.
The use of the Google Translate website is for free, since it is ad-supported.



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Stack Wizards

Different Wizards scenarios:
Normal Q/A: 1st card field is the question, 2nd the answer
Reverse Q/A: 2nd card field is the question, 1st the answer
3rd Dir: 3rd card field is the question, 1st the answer
Bidirectional Q/A: adds 2 substacks with Normal and Reverse Q/A
More in
Tridirectional Q/A: adds 3 substacks with Normal, Reverse, and 3rd Dir Q/A
Clone: you can pick 2-3 substacks as a model, cards in this stack will be copied into clones of those substacks
Merge: the cards that are directly in this stack will be copied into all picked 2-3 substacks, changes in properties will reconfigure those substacks
Reconfigure: Reconfigure 2-3 substacks in properties and names, no cards are copied into them

These scenarios can also be modified[[L.extra_stack_wizard_modifier.



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Stack Wizard Modifiers

Change the basic Stack Wizard scanario to adapt to different needs:
Simple: simplest version, info fields on the back side
Extended: add the 3rd field to the question. This could be an image or something else clarifying the question.
Simple Language: extends the previous to set two languages (used e.g. for Google Translate)
Advanced Language: adds fields for article, word family, source. Image is relocated to field 7. Default for LanguageWizard.
Language w/ 2.Text: compared to the previous, the 3rd field holds a 2nd answer (e.g. the foreign text in phonetics (IPA)), instead of the article.



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Kind of Word

I use these single letter abbreviations on language card to indicate the type of word the card is asking for.
Capitals stand for the main answer, lower case is used in the word family:
N n:Noun
V v: verb
A a: adjectiv, adverb
F: phrase
f: false friend
o: opposite
K k: copula (to couple sentences)
s: similar word
x: expression



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SuperMemo: Manual Connect

Cards were grouped in 'to rename' categories, but these could not be assigned to the found categories.
This assignment is not done when:
• your choose not to
• not every category contains at least one card
• any category in this stack was prevously deleted on the Palm device
• rare unknown reason

How to connect (merge) stacks manually:
• enable ExpertMode ()
• enter a 'to rename' stack and identify content
• in the stack above, find corresponding (empty) named stack
• select them both
(Merge): use the named stack as a target
• repeat for all 'to rename' stacks
• return to previous user mode



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Automatic connection

Memorión automatically connected categories with the groups of cards, check if this has been done correctly.

If not, reload SuperMemo file/link and choose to 'Manual Connect'.



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Change Marks

When updating the LanguageWizard card with a debugged dictionary, the user can choose the have the changes be marked:
Underlined or <ins>abc</ins>: 'abc' has been added
StrikeThrough or <del>abc</del>: 'abc' has been deleted

Changes can be accepted or discarded on 3 levels:
all cards: call Update Language Cards again
whole card: in CardView of the card,
per card field: in CardEdit with on the field



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Program Pages


ItemList Page

This page lists stacks and/or cards (items) ( a stack will go one level deeper, the Back button one level up). The top level can only contain stacks and there are a few extra buttons on the right side for special actions.
The possible actions at the bottom will change if something is selected and with the Mode:
LearnMode: is responsible for repeating, committing and releasing cards.
EditMode let's you create and change stacks and cards. There are buttons to import and export, cut, copy and paste
The actions will operate on the items selected or the stack containing all items (when nothing is selected).

Gestures on this page.




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ItemList Page Gestures

This page has these gestures:

 => Link
Item => Link
 => Link
 => Link
 => Link
 => Link
 => Link
 => Link
 => Link



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Memorión Icon

Either shows the About page or goes back one page (if the arrow is visible).



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Main Title

Tapping allows to select the UserMode



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Stack Name

The name of the current stack.

briefly displays the path of the card or allows to change the stack level shown.



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Search Caption

Displays the search string and the number of cards shown.



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Filter Caption

Tapping shows the filter used.



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Search Action

Starts a search in either the database or an external dictionary programm.

• In the database, the search is not case-sensitive and will look in any field, at any part of any word.
Important: The character '_' stands for any character.

This clears the selection.



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Learn / Edit Tabs

Toggles program modi:
• The LearnMode does the committing / reviewing / studying and offers functions to change and view the learning progress of cards and stacks.
• The EditMode has a vast library of functions to create edit, rearrange, and configure cards and stacks.

on the Learn / Edit side: jumps to a list of the five cards last viewed / edited



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Data and Sort

Tapping allows to change how cards are displayed in the list (configure which card fields (left side) and card information (right side) will be shown).
Also the sorting order can be changed.



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Item List

**Items are stacks or cards.
They show either the stack name or two text fields on the cards (can be configured).
- the text to either enter this stack or to preview/edit cards
- on a stack starts first the Review, than the Study on this stack

Left-side icons: visualize the learning progress
For stacks, this is the fraction of cards learned (committed).
For cards, the head filling symbolizes the interval between reviews

Checkbox on the right:
- This limits the scope of actions.
- toggles items

- selects exactly this one ()
- toggles item and changes selection of a range (). With the first swipe you special select () an item, a 2nd swipe on a different item will set the selection of all item in-between to the new value. A 2nd swipe on the same item clears the special selection.
For stacks, the colored stripes indicate the background color of the card theme. For cards, equal-colored stripes mean cards belong to the same family (only visible on SearchResult page).



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Item List Icons

Items can be
• Stacks , the filling indicating how many cards are committed.
The yellow markers (, etc.) indicate the Auto-Activation in this stack-tree
The stars () report the awards this stack has acheived.

: / the icon opens the StackConfig/Statistics page directly, irrespective the Learn/Edit or multi-select mode.

• Cards , symbols indicating the learning progress.
: / the icon opens the CardEdit/Preview page directly, irrespective the Learn/Edit or multi-select mode.



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Progress Report

Memorión gives you a daily update on your previous 7 day achievements and the estimated future daily workload (with active autocommit, the 2nd row shows the numbers with them, assuming you work daily with Memorión).
Plus you get a funny or serious comment upon your performance.
Both features can be changed in Preferences.
The report vanishes by tapping anywhere on the screen and is re-shown with a on .

In detail:
Recalls & Lapses: did you remember cards or not
Committed: new cards you started learning
Matured: cards that passed the 20 day interval this week
Established: cards that passed the 200 day interval this week



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Quick Jump Bar


Quickly move to cards starting with a certain character in a sorted field, sorted a>z.

Just tap and swipe vertically.
• Swiping left/right allows to look for multiple characters.
• Characters shown on the bar change to available after start swiping.
• Appears with more than 10 cards in the list.



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Selection Mode

This button has three visual states, indicating the scope of all functions:
, Unmarked: functions act on the stack containing these items
, Single Mark: functions act on the single item being selected
, Multi Mark: functions act on all items being selected

Actions:
selects all or none, depending if something was selected before
inverts selection
Changing the stack level clears the selection.

: Some buttons such as Rename, Merge, and Cut&Copy are only shown when something is selected.



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Activate

Activate cards into Study heap for short-term memorization.

Similar to the Commit button in . Depending on the selection:
only cards: after a confirmation, all selected cards are activated
substacks: open the Activation Dialog to add cards from these or to change the AutoActivation of these
no selection: do the Activation Dialog for the current stack (current setting shown in the circle of the icon). Saves going to the StackConfig page.

This is the first step to long-term memorization in the Review process.




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Release

Remove card(s) both from long-term and/or short-term () memorization cycle.

Caution: You will loose all that learning progress information!!!

Safety Feature: If nothing is selected in a stack, Release is disabled to prevent accidental release of all.




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Filter Cards

Filter this or selected stack for one or more different criteria.
This can be the commitment date, difficulty, interval etc.
A useful function to find e.g. the most difficult cards, to either improve or Release them.



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Remove Filter

Remove filters and go back to previously shown stack.



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Statistics

Show Statistics of either the current stack or of the selection.

: show the daily Progress-Report

So far basic, will be expanded in the future.



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Rename Stack

Change the name of this stack (certain characters like '/' are not allowed).

If the new name coincides with another stackname, this stack will be merged into the other.



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Merge Stacks

Merge this stack with others in this list. The target stack will keep its name and configuration.

Shortcut to unite stacks with similar names or content.
• If the stacks have substacks with the same names, those will be merged, too.
• If the selected stack is the only one in the list, it will be merged into the parent stack. Great to remove unnecessary stack levels (e.g. after SuperMemo import).



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Split Stack

Split all cards directly in this stack (not in the substacks) into substacks, with the following options:
into n Substacks: you choose the number of equal-sized substacks, uses the current sorting of the stack
every n Cards: you choose the number of cards in the substacks, uses the current sorting of the stack
by Field Content: distribute cards into substacks named according to the content of the selected field (e.g. if you have a category name in field 5).
If the number of resulting substacks would be too large, function is aborted.
Illegal characters are removed, this can lead to automatic renaming. In case of colliding substack names, they will be merged.



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Add Stack

Will add a new stack into the current item list, either using
• a LanguageWizard or
• an empty stack.
The former is pre-configured, the latter can be easily configured with StackWizards for card appearance, field names etc.

: Higher user modes allow up to 6 stack levels to categorize a stack into substacks. Substacks in combination with a configuration wizard enable a multitude of multi-directional learning options, language stacks and more.



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Add Card

Calls the CardWizards to generate a new card.
adds directly an empty card.

: In higher user modes, connected cards (called Twins) can be added to neighboring stacks, e.g. for auto-updating of cards during multi-directional learning.



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Cut, Copy & Clone

Cut and Copy copy the selected items into a cards buffer, Cut will than delete them from this list. Clone is Copy/Paste in one.

• See Preferences for options (there are more in EM).
is a shortcut to Clone using the previously used options.
• Cards copied or cut on the Search page loose their stack connection: when pasted they will be all placed directly in the current stack.



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Delete

Delete the selected items from this list.

Only enabled, if something is selected.



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Paste Items

Insert the cards buffer into this list. Memorión will confirm with the number of cards and the stack structure.
The inserted cards/stacks are auto-selected for easy removal, if inserted by error.
: Six stacks level can't be exceeded.



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Level-Up

Move selected items one level up in the stack hierarchy.

Shortcut function for a cut-and-paste action.



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Level-Down

Move selected items one level down in the stack hierarchy after asking for a target substack (either select one or create anew).

Shortcut function for a cut-and-paste action.



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Make Family

Bonds cards into the same Family (as indicated by the same color stripe on the right side).
As family cards, they are mutally updated and are either Twins or Brothers.

Only visible on the Search page.




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Replace Text

Replace the searched-for text in all selected cards by an new one.

Important: This is case-sensitive, while the initial search is not.

Only visible on the Search page.



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Stack Configuration

A stack can be configured for its name, card appearance, field names and asking direction, auto-commitment of cards, Wizards provide help.

: Higher user modes can also configure the list display, where multimedia data is stored and more. Further Wizards allow to convert the stack into a multi-directional one and to clone or reconfigure multiple substacks at once.
In , you can even create your own Themes and Mappings.

Important: These properties can be either inherited from a parent stack or set in each stack.



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Download Linked Files

Modern flashcards often contain images, sounds in form of links to web adresses, e.g. to Flickr.

To be able use those files when being offline or in an area of poor coverage, you can download/cache these files to the SD card.
This is done when you enter the CardView of a card, or, with this function, for a whole selection of cards at once.

The downloaded files are stored in Memorion/Cache folder. You can delete these files (to gain memory on the card). They will be re-cached when viewing the card again, if not disabled in the Preferences



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More

Switches to 2nd set of buttons, so far only in .



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Commit

Initiate learning of new cards.

Select how many idle cards are added to the Review process, either automatically every day or voluntarily. To prevent a learning build-up, only when last-days cards had positive reviews, new cards are committed automatically.

In the long run, stick to ≤10 committed cards a day, to not be frustrated by the large Review workload the following days and weeks.
This operates either on all or selected stacks.
: This button will be hidden in AdvancedMode, since by then you probably want to activate cards on a stack or substack basis. Therefore you have a similar button at the bottom.

Blinking is set in Preferences




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Review

Repeat and recall committed cards.

The daily review strengthens the memorization of the cards you are about to loose from your long-term memory. This operates either on all or selected stacks.

Think of the answer first, than give yourself an honest grade.

For best results do this on a regular basis, best daily or bi-daily. Breaks of a more than a few days will mess up the learning progress. Memorión can not change the way your brain works , but I have something in the works to accomondate vacation times ().

In , this button is split into Review and Study buttons, to give better control about the repetition process.

Blinking is set in Preferences




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Review

The daily review strengthens the memorization of the cards you are about to loose from your long-term memory. This operates either on all or selected stacks.

When set in Prefs, long due cards can be hidden from regular Review, but will be shown here afterward, to be reviewed at you earliest convienience.
: When the Review heap is empty, this button let's you volunteer on future reviews, but only on those who have a sufficiently long intervals.

In and , the Review button has been split into Review and Study buttons to give better control.

: The order of the review (by date due or by top-level stack or completely random) can be changed in the preferences.

Blinking is set in Preferences




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Study

Memorize cards in study heap into the short-term memory. Committing includes them into the Review process.
Answers given here have no influence on the repetition intervals, therefore better repeat once too often.

Tip: Go through this heap after finishing the Review, best 2–3 times a day before confirming them with /.

• Cards that are also due for Review are not shown.
• This operates either on all or selected stacks.
• The order of the study can be changed in the preferences.

Blinking is set in Preferences




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Import Files

Read card stacks or the whole base from SD card (default: directly form the Memorion folder). Formats supported (up to now):
Memorión Backup (*.mem, includes all cards, all stack configurations and all preferences. This will replace the current database. Backups are located by default in the 'Memorion/Backup' subfolder on the SD card.)
• MS Word & Excel (*.docx, *.xlsx): For Word, the first table is imported, one card per row, with up to 8 columns. For Excel, the cells in Sheet1 are used, again one card per row and up to 8 columns
Memorión MemTab (*.mtab, includes learning progress and stack configurations)
TextFiles & Clipboard (plain text with configurable field and line separators. Best format to import stack generated with the PC)
• SuperMemo (PalmOS) (*.pdb, including learning progress, stack and category organization)
AnyMemo (*.db, imports native format, including most learning progress
Experimental: please let me know if it works properly!
)
PC: step by step instructions on how to generate cards on a Windows PC and how to import them into Memorión

Please mail me files that cause troubles (Memorion@gmx.net), so I can fix issues.



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Download Files

Supported web resources:

Directly:
Quizlet: let's you choose between several million card sets, many of whom have images.
SuperMemo (PalmOS) has some great databases that also make use of multiple card fields and multidirection questioning.
Bug: Without internet connection it freezes, I am working on it.

Web Link: useful, when you are browsing for cards on a PC. Just type in the weblink of the page (with the help of the Websites button)

Via Webbrowser and Share:
StudyStack: more flashcards, be on the 'Flashcards' page before sharing.
FlashCardExchange: more flashcards, with up to 3 fields per card

So far experimental.



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Export Files

Save whole database or parts of it onto the SD card (default: directly form the Memorion folder). Formats supported (up to now):
Memorión Backup (*.mem, includes all cards, all stack configurations and all preferences. This will backup the current database manually. Additionally an automatic backup is performed daily. Backups are located in the 'Memorion/Backup' subfolder on the SD card.))
Memorión MemTab (*.mtab, includes learning progress and stack configurations. This format can save multiple stacks at once.)
TextFiles (plain text with configurable field and line seperators. Memorión will always save 8 columns for the 8 edit fields of each card and a 9th column with the substack path. So far limited to single stacks.)



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Preferences

Configure the settings of Memorión itself (as opposed to the stack configuration).

Beginners () have no preferences, but the number of preferences increases with the user mode.



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Help

Gives a selection of help topics.
This includes
FirstSteps (the text of the initial popup screens)
FAQ: general advice and recipes
Glossary: explaining the most important terms
Manual: generates a complete manual, based on all help text, as a single (HTML-) text, for relaxed reading
Search Help Texts: lets you find the relevant topics to read in this extensive help system.
. Several words have to be all in the text.
- Memorión searches for word beginnings (commit also finds commitment)

A red button frame indicates that new or updated unread help pages are available.
on each page gives you context-sensitive help for all elements on that page.



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Repair

Functions to either check the database for errors, mostly to cope with programming bugs until a fix is available. They will do no harm, use them if in doubt.
Please report, under which circumstances the error occurred, using the convenient Email button or the Notification.

Recount Stacks: for performance reasons, instead of recounting the stacks numbers (like 'total number of cards', cards 'committed', etc.) whenever needed, Memorión tries to keep track of them. When it fails, do a manual recount.
Recover hidden cards: Due to programming bugs it has happened that card were orphaned (did not belong to a stack). This will regenerate these stacks (unconfigured), the learning progress of the cards is retained.
Repair Stack Tree: use when you have 'undef' in the ItemList. This can repair damages when you downloaded a stack that contained a '/'.
Optimize database: speeds up database access. This might take some time.
Fix Cards in TopLevel: Cards in the top level are not allowed and lead to crashes.
With this function you can delete them.
Please tell me the circumstances under which you generated them.

Redo Stack Inheritance: make all stack properties that are equal to the parent's one inherited.

Only in ExpertMode.



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Upgrade

The Trial-Version of Memorión is fully functional the first 30 days. Afterwards there is a 200 cards limit, which can be removed though this upgrade.

Upgrading is also a sign of appreciation for a program you are probably using almost daily.
Thank you.



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Email

If you have any comments, suggestions or issues, just use this function to email me.

Way more useful than writing a negative review on Google Play ;-)



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Back

Just returns to previous page, can be either one stack level higher up or return from a search or a filter.

Stores the current position and the Data and Sort Order to the stack.



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New Card Wizard

The card wizard speeds up card creation when you use external sources:
Add empty card
Image Search, using Google
Take Photo: using the installed camera program(s)
Record Audio, e.g. by a native speaker
Translate between >30 languages

For all functions, the text typed above will be the question field, the resulting link/filename/text the answer field (for language stacks this adapts to the coosen languages).



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CardView Page

Shows the rendered card, either Frontside or Backside.
Themes ()
and Mappings () define the appearance.

This page can several modes:
List/Preview mode: Used when organising and editing cards.
Commit mode ((BM)): Add cards manually to the memorization process
Review mode: Test the user on the long-term memory of the cards, the answers determine the next intervals
Activation mode: Add cards manually to the Study heap for short-term memorization, replaces Commit mode in
Study mode: In , repeat cards until memorized into short-term memory

Gestures on this page.




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CardView Page Gestures

This page has these gestures:

• Card (vary on circumstances):
- or : show Answer
- : change answer
- : confirm answer
- : undo last answer
- and in the preview mode: go back and forth in the list
Link



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Card Preview

Shows the rendered card, either Frontside or Backside.
Themes ()
and Mappings () define the appearance.

This page is now in Preview mode (there are more), which is used when organising and editing cards.

You can go back and forth through the list of cards, flip to front and back side, and commit cards.

This mode is not used for learning.



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Title

Info of card being shown.



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Edit Card

Edit the card content (this button has actually sized 20% of the card).



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Statistics of Card

View the card statistics (this button has actually sized 20% of the card).



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Delete

Removes this card from the database.



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Release

Remove card(s) both from long-term and/or short-term () memorization cycle.

Caution: You will loose all that learning progress information!!!

Safety Feature: If nothing is selected in a stack, Release is disabled to prevent accidental release of all.




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Undo


Undo last answer.

Gesture:
Turning the screen or re-entering this page disables the Undo.



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More

Shows more actions.

The extra- to show these actions is an additional protection to avoid an unintentional Release or Delete.

Actions are hidden when changing sides or cards.



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Text to Speech

Reads text aloud, the question on the question side, the answer on the other. A reads the question while showing the answer side.
The language used can be defined on the StackConfig page or is set when tapping this.
• The TTS engine set in the Android settings has to support all languages you want to use.
• After switching the engine you might have to restart the CardView page.
• Some languages don't give an error when not installed, no idea why.



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Flip

Turns card from frontside to backside and reverse.
Gesture: on the card has the same effect.



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Next Card

Go to next card in the list.
Gesture: on card



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Previous Card

Go to previous card in the list.
Gesture: on card



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Commit Card

Add current card to the long-term memorization in the Review process.
Or re-commit the card after you have forgotten it in a Review.

the number indicates the next interval (in days).

Gestures: on the card to change the answer and to confirm it.




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Next Card

Go to next card in the list, ignoring this one.

Gestures: on the card to change the answer and to confirm it.




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Show Answer

Flip card to backside to check if the answer is known.
While committing, this is rather to decide, if the card is worth committing. Or, this mode can be used to repeat cards without committing them to long- or short-term memorization.
Gesture: or on the card




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Show Study Answer

Think of the answer first before flipping to backside to check.
The study heap is used for short-term memorization of newly activated or forgotten cards.
Further repeating with has no penalty, therefore continue until you feel confident to (re-)commit () or to accept as refreshed (). The time you invest here you might save double after the next Review.
the number indicates the next interval (in days).

Gesture: or on the card




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Show Review Answer


• Think of the answer first
• Flipping to backside with this button
• Than grade you inner mental answer from Easy to Forgot (refer to help on buttons on back side)

This is the core action in Memorión, so be honest with yourself. If you grade too positively, the intervals might increase too rapidly and you have to start over after a missed answer. A bit more conservative answers might save you work in the long run.
Gesture: or on the card




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Commit Card

Add current card to the long-term memorization in the Review process.
Or re-commit the card after you have forgotten it in a Review.

the number indicates the next interval (in days).

Gestures: on the card to change the answer and to confirm it.




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Refreshed

Refreshing cards means to study committed cards you either had little errors remembering them () or wanted to refresh them ().




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Study Again

The goal of the Study heap is to get cards solidly into short-term memory.
allows to repeat it again, without learning progress penalty.
Ideally this heap is empty by the end of the day.
the number indicates the next interval (in days).

Gestures: on the card to change the answer and to confirm it.




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Grade Buttons

Give yourself an honest answer how well you recollected the answer:
: Answer came promptly and correctly
: Correct answer, with some thought
: Forgotten
: repeat fresh or forgotten cards

& will increase the last interval until the next Review.
resets the interval.
keeps the zero interval, repeat until you think it sticks for a day.

on the buttons will give a hint.

the number indicates the next interval (in days).

Gestures: (left or right) on the card to change the answer and to confirm it.
In you will have more answer possibilities for finer control and a Study heap to specifically memorize cards into short-term memory.




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Grade Buttons

Give yourself an honest answer how well you recollected the answer:
: Answer came promptly and correctly
: Correct answer, with some thought
(): Known with little error or great difficulty , the two numbers below indicates that you see the card again today, but the interval still increases
: Forgotten
(): Refresh card voluntarily in Study heap, without interval penalty, indicated with additional zeros in the numbers below

The first three answers will increase the last interval until the next Review. Both, and will move the card into the Study heap for quick repetitions that day. also resets the interval. When you recommit the card, it takes part in the Review process again.
on the buttons will give a hint and the next interval.

the number indicates the next interval (in days).

Gestures: on the card to change the answer and to confirm it.




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Back

Exits the page.



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Progress and Awards

Probing you long-term memory is finished, now follows short-term memory stuff.
• The pie chart displays how well you did (keep giving honest answers in the future )
• The text summerizes with how much (or little) effort the tested cards reached a new average retention duration.
The duration is based on the time between you saw the cards and you gave the answers and therefore will be shorter than the time you spent on the Review page.

Awards (, , or ) are given out when stacks surpass certain levels of profiency.



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Card Details

Displays the reason this card is being tested.

When enabled on in Preferences page, more details will be shown in Review mode.



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More Card Details

Shows the following:
Difficulty: changes with the answer history, determines how fast the interval increases.
Recalls & Lapses: How often the card was remembered and forgotten
Date Committed
Interval: Current duration between Reviews, only displayed if not shown on the answer buttons.



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CardEdit Page

**Each card has up to 8 fields that can be freely edited.
• Names and number of fields can be changed by on the field names.
Cut, Copy & Paste: both single and all fields
Theme and Mapping () define where these appear on front and backside of the card.
Cursor Button: to move the cursor and select text with high precision
Card Wizards: help adding images, sounds, and translations
Twins & Brothers: to keep multidirectional cards updated
Gestures on this page.




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CardEdit Page Gestures

This page has these gestures (some buttons are only visible in some user modes):

Field name: Link
Field edit: Link
 => Link
 => Link
 => Link
 => Link
 => Link
Link



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Learn / Edit Tab

Allows to switch between Learn and EditMode.

Only available when entering this page from cards lists.



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Title

What card is being edited.
exits this page.



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Search

Search text at the following locations:
Memorión Database: Search text as part of any word in any field, case-insensitive. Searching either the whole Database or stacks on the Same Level, with the same parent stack.
Google Translate: using an internet connection
Dictionaries: Lookup text in one of the installed dictionaries (e.g. ColorDict or any fron Pons, Langenscheidt, SlovoEd, Dict.cc).
When the text cursor is placed on/by a word, this word is preselected.
• With a preselected word, on the action button searches this word in this stack level.
Important: The character '_' stands for any character.
• This function can be invoked by the action button on top or the search hardware button.



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Revert

Undo all changes since entering this page.



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Stack Name

The name of the stack the card belongs to.

to briefly display the path of the card.



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Done

Accept changes and leave page.

If the card has Twins, the user will be asked to updated them, too. If declined, Twins become Brothers (cards that belong to the same family).



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More Peers

If a card has to many Peers to show as Buttons, you get a list of the rest.



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Cursor

Exact moving and selecting with the cursor:
/ move the cursor by one character,
/ move word-wise
the center starts selecting and toggles between moving start and end of selection
• A deselects field
/ move between edit fields
and move to begin and end of field
• A selects/deselects all



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Add Twin

Add a new card on this stack level as a Twin of the current card.



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Goto Peer

Jump to one of the peer cards.
Twins and Brothers will be updated upon the jump, Friends are not.



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Field Name

** change field name and the number of fields. Both can also be done on the StackConfig page.
/ goto start/end of field
select all
delete one character, without popping-up the keyboard
combined: clears field



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Field Edit

Edit the respective field.
yields the usual functions plus:
Replace the text with the respective buffer field
Revert any changes to this field since entering page
Show complete weblink hidden by

When the cursor is on or by a word, this word is used as default when invoking the card wizard or the search function.



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Peers

Shows how many peers (Twins (identical in card text), Brothers (non-identical, but linked by family ID) and Friends (cards that coincide in one of the first two fields)) and of what kind this card has.



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Insert Text

Speeds up text entry by inserting commonly used text modules.
The texts can be edited using the last entry in the list.

The <RETURN> separates different entries and is therefore not allowed within an entry.

more gestures for more text modules

closes keyboard and page.
closes keyboard and page, saves edits without confirmation, if there are no changes in Family cards.



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Cut

: Cut the selected text into the system clipboard

: Cut all fields into a buffer or empty the card.



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Copy

: Copy the selected text into the system clipboard

: Copy all fields into a buffer



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Paste

**: Paste the system clipboard at the cursor
: Paste buffer into or swap buffer with all fields
: replace field with corresponding buffer field (shortcut to function in context menu of edit field)



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Swap

Swap the content of the current field (the one with the cursor) with one of your choosing.

: If you need to perform this on many cards, use the MultiEdit on the ItemList page.



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Add Media File

Insert the link of a media file on the SD card, at the cursor position.



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Image Search

You Google-search to find images to insert.



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Take Photo

Use the installed camera program(s) to take a photo.
Images are very useful for language learning.

The filename is the word at the cursor or one you type in. If the cursor is already on a filename, this file will be replaced. The file will be stored on the SD card under the Memorión/Files or defined by DataFolder().



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Record Audio

Add audio recordings easily to your cards, e.g. by a native speaker.

The filename is the word at the cursor or one you type in. If the cursor is already on a filename, this file will be replaced. The file will be stored on the SD card under the Memorión/Files or defined by DataFolder().



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Translate

Uses Google Translate to translate the word under the cursor.
Default languages are defined on the Stack Configuration page.

• New Cards: this will generate a card with the first two fields filled in (using language settings)
• Card Edit: translation will be placed after the word or, if inside the first two fields, in the respective other field.



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Save Changes

When leaving a changed card, Memorión asks to confirm all changes made, both on this and on Family cards.
• Confirm and deny changes on a per card and/or per field basis with the check boxes and OK.
Discard: rejects all changes.
• To simplify the dialog, initially only cards and changed fields are shown. But Show All gives you the complete card texts.
: Empty cards are deleted
 on Link shows this dialog only when crucial changes are to be confirmed.
Friends are not updated.

Color scheme of changes:
green: original changes on this card
blue: uncritical, corresponding fields were identical before
violet: attention, fields had differences before
red: critical, possible manual corrections necessary



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Jump to Peer Card

When jumping to a Twin or Brother card, Memorión proposes updates of the target card fields to reflect the latest changes on the current card.

Color scheme of changes:
blue: uncritical, since fields were identical before
violet: attention, fields had differences before
red: critical, possible manual corrections

Friend cards are not updated.



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Back

Asks to save or discard changes.

on the insert text button does the same.

Also checks, whether to update Twins or to make them Brothers.



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StackConfig Page

Each stack can be individually set up, the Expert mode has more options.
Part of the stack properties can be inherited.
The Wizards help to preconfigure the stack for different single and multi-directional scenarios. Properties with a will change properties with and further down the list.
At the bottom, card previews are shown.

Gestures on this page.




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StackConfig Page Gestures

This page has these gestures:

Property =>  resets property to inherited value



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Title

The name of the stack being configured.



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Stack Name

The name of the stack being configured.

to briefly display the path of the card.



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Wizards (Stack)

The stack wizard helps to preconfigure the stack for different single and multi-directional scenarios.
Properties with a will change properties with and further down the list.
: In multi-directional wizards new substacks are generated and each substack will be filled with the cards that are located directly in the current stack.

Most wizards can be modified, e.g. to show language with or without an article.
When changing the wizard, the properties not set by the wizard itself are reverted to values when entering the page.

: Due to a program limitation, in multi-directional scenarios the stack name has to remain unchanged (and is therefore hidden).



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Wizard Icons

: changes &
: is changed by



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Languages

The user can pick languages from a list. With a Wizard active, this presets the corresponding field names on the cards, the substack names (, if present) and the field style (for some languages).
Only visible when the wizard or the stack has languages defined and the wizard modifier is set to a language stack.
The languages set here are used/mandatory e.g. as default settings for Translations. There is also a Modifier to set a Language w/ 2. Text.



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Field Names

These field names describe the content of each data field on a flashcard. They can be generic like Question/Answer or very specific like language names, or 'Country' and 'Capital'.
These names are used throughout the program as placeholder for the content of these fields, e.g. in the previews on the bottom of this configuration page.

Each card has always 8 fields, but the number of visible fields can be selected here, to simplifly the user interface.



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Substack Names

In multi-directional wizards cards for each direction of questioning are generated in different substacks (and are kept coherent via the Twin/Brother link). The name is preset to the question and answer fields, separated by a '»'.



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Target Stack Name

The cards directly in this stack are copied into substacks, the substack chosen gets the original cards. The others received released copies.



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Stack Name

Change the name of this stack.
: Property is disabled, when several stacks are selected or with a multi-directional wizard.



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Data and Sort

On the ItemList page each card is represented by two of its fields, which can be selected here. Additionally up to two card infos (Interval, Difficulty etc.) can be displayed.
For each of the up to four data pieces a sorting order can be set, sorting starts with the first item unequal None.



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Auto Activation

A stack can be configured to automatically activate a number of cards (add to the Study for short-term memorization process).
This auto-activation happens only
• after the Review has been finished for this day
• only if the previously auto-activated cards have been committed ( & ),
: always additional to previouly activated cards,
to prevent a pile-up of unlearnt cards.



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Data Folder

By default all multimedia-files (images, sounds, videos) on the cards are expected in the folder Memorion/Files.
But for larger databases it is helpful to group them in different subfolders. Starting in ExpertMode, the path can be set on a stack-by-stack basis. As usual substacks inherit the path from the parent stack, therefore neighbouring stacks can share images.



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Image Size

Images placed on the cards can be either shown in original size or scaled to a selectable percentage of the card width (useful to prevent lateral scrolling for large images).



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Themes

The theme defines the general appearance of the cards like the the card background, the font, the font size, border and more (Card Visualization).
All themes have the same set of placeholders which are used as target by the mapping to fill-in card content.

: There are a few pre-made themes, more can be defined/edited in ExpertMode.




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Mapping

The Mapping define where the different fields of the cards are shown in the placeholders of the theme (Card Visualization).
This powerful mechanism allows e.g. to have cards with the same content being used for different question/answer pairs. Or to combine article and word in the same line on the card while having separate fields on the card. Or to have a specific text on each card, like 'the capital of '.

There are several DefaultMappings
: In ExpertMode the mappings can be freely edited or created.




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Previews

Shows the question and answer sides of the cards in this stack or its substacks (, in multidirectional scenarios).
The content of the cards is represented by the field names in square brackets.




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Hint

A few hints for this page, tapping hides them.

Not visible in EM.



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Revert Changes

Undo of all changes since the user entered this page.
The wizard selection is not undone, therefore you can pick a multi-directional wizard but keep the original configuration.



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Edit Theme

Expert feature: Gives the user to fully change the appearance of cards, single font sizes, styles, text alignment, borders, background colors etc.
The ultimate configuration experience for the expert user.



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Edit Mapping

Define you own mappings or edit the existing ones. Also an expert feature that should be used wisely …



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Back

Asks to save or to undo changes.



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Data and Sort Page

Configures what data is shown in which in the ItemList.

The elements of the item list can show 2 of the edit fields () plus up to 2 pieces of the learning progress ().
Also the sorting order can be chosen, the the top-most has the highest priority.

They can be set individually for each stack, inheritance is possible.



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Shuffle

This button will reset all sort order buttons to None and will bring the cards on the ItemList page in random order (it might take a few seconds to randomize).
Finally this page will close.



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Original

This button will reset all sort order buttons to None and will bring the cards on the ItemList page in the order they were created.
Finally this page will close.



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Done

Accepts current assignments of data to show as well as the sorting order. Closes the window.

The Back button will exit the page while ignoring the changes made.



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Data to Display

In the two top-left buttons the user can pick which two card fields are shown in the ItemList page.
The two buttons below give an option to show more card information, such as date of commitment, interval, difficulty etc. These are shown on the right side of the ItemList page items.



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Sort Order

Enables sorting of the ItemList page by the type of information selected on the left-hand-side button. Can be either alphabethically increasing (), decreasing () or irrelevant (None).

: More than one sorting can be selected, the one further up in this list of four has the highest priority.



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Back

Exits the page without storing the changes.



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User Mode

Memorión has many features. In order to give you a smooth start, there are 3 user mode levels:
BeginnerMode
AdvancedMode
ExpertMode

You can change the user mode within the preferences or on the main page with the action in the title bar.

Features used in higher modes stay in effect when returning to lower modes (e.g. substacks).
Some users prefer to stay e.g. in and use the more crowded only temporarily.



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ItemList Fontsize

Changing the tradeoff between better readable and more compact items in the main ItemList page.



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Progress Report

Memorión gives you a daily update on your previous 7 day achievements and the estimated future daily workload (with active autocommit, the 2nd row shows the numbers with them, assuming you work daily with Memorión).
Plus you get a funny or serious comment upon your performance.
Both features can be changed in Preferences.
The report vanishes by tapping anywhere on the screen and is re-shown with a on .

In detail:
Recalls & Lapses: did you remember cards or not
Committed: new cards you started learning
Matured: cards that passed the 20 day interval this week
Established: cards that passed the 200 day interval this week



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Memorión Folder

The Expert can change the default directory, if needed.

This will recreate the necessary folders, but all user files have to be transferred using a file explorer.

This is useful if you want to install files on a different SD card.



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Shift Buttons Left


Move buttons on the start page to the left side, to make them better reachable by the thumb on larger phones.
Only works in Froyo (Android 2.2) and above.



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Cache Weblinks

Having weblinks on cards is a simple way to add multimedia content to cards. You can easily exchange these cards as plain text, without having to copy all the image or sound files.

On the other hand, you are not always online or might have data connection too slow to flip fluently through the cards.
Therefore by default, Memorión downloads linked files into a cache on the SD card when you enter the card or as a function for all selected cards ().

Disabeling is only useful, when you running low on free SD card space.



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Create Twin Cards

When creating a new card, either directly or through a wizard, Memorión can ask to generate Twin cards. This is mostly useful for Multi-directional learning schemes.
This Pref configures, under which condition Memorión will ask:
In Substacks: The multi-directional learning schemes normally use substacks, therefore Twins are not really useful in the top-layer stacks.
Never ask to generate
Always: useful if you have multidirectional-learning already setup between top-layer stacks.



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Show Next Interval

Shows the time in days, until the card is shown again, on the answer buttons.

Personally, I like to see the learning success by larger and larger numbers appearing, and it is instructive on how Spaced Repetitions work.
But use it wisely and don't let it trick you into too positive answers.



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Show Card Details

If on, a short statistic of the card is shown below the answer side of a Review.
It contains the interval (if not alreay shown on the buttons), the difficulty, Recall/Lapses and the commitment date.



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Gender Color-Coding

If enabled, shows words of the foreign language



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Learning Models

**Beginners have a simple one-step model: You commit idle cards into the Review process and do the Reviews necessary.
• The Advanced model has an additional Study layer to memorize cards flexibly into short-term memory.
Idle card need to be activated first and when known, they can be committed into the Review process, but can also be removed from there without harm. Committed cards can be placed there in a Review with 2 new answer buttons, either due to poor answer quality or voluntarily, to be refreshed.
You have more control, but it is more complex.

For me, probing the long-term memory and memorizing something are distinct entities, and the advanced model with the simpler answer options reflects this, also in the faster user gestures in Study mode.

Internally the algorithms are the same, but the details are hidden from the user in the Beginners mode. Therefore you can switch back and forth between the two without harm.




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Commit Card Order

Change the order in which cards are offered to be committed, both in automatic and manual commitment.



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Review Card Order

Change the order in which cards are being reviewed.



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Study Card Order

Change the order in which cards are being studied.



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Postpone Reviews

Useful, if you are strongly lagging behind with Reviews, e.g. after a vacation or after restoring an older backup. Postponing the long-overdue lets you handle the more recent Reviews first. And you do the postponed cards at the pace you can afterwards.
The time overdue is taken into consideration for the next interval.



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Native Language

**This language is used whenever Memorión needs a language defined and there is none defined in a stack (or its parents), e.g. for translations.
• This language in combination with the Preferred Languages are used to limit the number of possible online dictionaries.



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Preferred Languages

Memorión supports language stacks and translation for many languages.
• You can preselect the languages you are working with, to not having to scroll through dozens of languages (e.g. when configuring a language stack).
• These languages in combination with the Native Language are used to limit the number of possible online dictionaries.



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Text-To-Speech Mode

Here you can change, which text is read to you when you tap the Speak button, both for and .
• The first option will read the question on the question-side of the card and the answer on the answer-side.
• The 2nd option is to read always the foreign field, this works best if you only have language stack done with the LanguageWizard.
• The adaptive mode chooses the 2nd way for language stacks and the 1st for all other stacks.



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Enable Tips

A tip is shown once a day, or when you change UserMode, to highlight, what Memorión can do. There is a set of topics for each UserMode.

These tips can be switched off here or in the tip dialog itself. If Reenable Tips is on, this will be reenabled, when you switch user modes.



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Reenable Tips

Check this to reenable usermode specific Tips&Tricks once a day, whenever the UserMode is switched.



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Text on Landscape Buttons

When checked, the additional width in landscape orientation is used to display the names for bottom row functions.

Unchecked more functions will fit without the More button.



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Highlight next step

To help beginners, the function suggested to do next is slightly blinking, in all UserModes. Disable it, if you don't need it.



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Helptext Black on White

Many users, they ask to change the help texts to black on white, for better readability, like in the manual.
For those who liked the old scheme better, you can switch it back here.

The black frame around the white page depends on the device, I have no control about it (I have tried...).



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Beta Password

Known Beta-Testers get early access to new functions (which are not fully tested).



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Filter Page

Allows filter a selection of cards by their learning progress.
Useful e.g. to find the most difficult cards.
Up to four filters can be defined simultaneously.




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Data and Sort

Tapping allows to change how cards are displayed in the filtered list (configure which card fields (left side) and card information (right side) will be shown).
Also the sorting order can be changed.



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Reset Filter

Resets the way the filtered cards are shown in a list and their sorting to a default as well as removes all filters.



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Stack Path

Shows this stack within the hierarchy of the database.



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Show Filtered Cards

Using the stack shown above, only cards fulfilling all the filter criteria below will be shown in a list.



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Add Filter

**Add a new filter criterion below.
• All of them have to be fulfilled.
• Four different criteria are simultaneously possible.



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Remove


Remove the bottom most filter.



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Filter Type

What to filter for.
E.g. to remove the hardest cards from the Review process, look for cards with >5 Lapses and/or 100% Difficulty.



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Comparator

Select the relation between filter type and value.



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Value

Depending of the filter type, it can be a number, date, or a true/false.



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Add / Drop

Add new filter or drop chosen.
Up to 4 filters are possible.



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Statistics Page

Displays learning progress of the selected items (or all in the list, if nothing is selected).

On top are a few general statistics, followed by graphics ( has more):
Card Status
Newly Learned
Future Workload
Reviews Done
Card Interval
Remembrance
New in :
Review Answers
Interval/Review
Recalls
Lapses
Forget Rate
Review Hour
Review Promptness
Answer Duration

Select Charts allows you to picks graphs to be displayed
has extra buttons:
Show as Bins: the data underlying the charts are histograms, therefore this is the more acurate representation
Drag&Zoom: enables more elaborate plot handling (useful if you want to set a Filter)
Taller Graphs: expand graphs vertically to help distiguish multiple stack colors
let you get a list of filtered cards (not available for all charts). The filter is a category of a pie chart or the zoomed range of the plot. This filtered list can again be plotted and filtered.
shows you some extra statistics for this plot.
, : on stacked plots only, toggles between a scaling to the max # of cards and relative scale to 100%. The latter is ideal to see relative contributions.




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Plot Features

Plots are typically histograms, showing how many cards fall (on average) in the bin width. and show them as filled area, offers to a bin display as well.
The horizontal axis spans the property being plotted, for certain (large) quantities bin widths can be non-equally sized to reduce memory requirements.
Zooming and compressing against the fixed axis is possible (move finger only horizontal).
A '<<<' or '>>>' indicate more data in this direction.
offers more possibilies:
Cumulative sum: adds up the bins (from left to right) and is shown as a solid area in the background. Its scale is displayed on the right.
Show Selection: when selection several stacks, their values are stacked on top of each other.
Zooming:there are many more one-finger zooming possibilities, see help below all the charts.



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Gestures on Charts

Gestures on Plots:
: let's you pick a range (if available)
,: zoom and compresses the horizontal range against the fixed end (hatched)
: enters temporarily the cursor mode to see the values.



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Gestures on Charts

offers additionally gestures:
, (with Drag & Zoom enabled):
- expands against a fixed end
- or, if started outside the chart, compresses the chart against the opposite site
- or drag visible range
Useful to select a range for a filter
,: select a vertical zoom for either axis



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Card Statistics Page

Displays learning progress of a single card.

Interval: the current (and previous) duration between Reviews
Difficulty: changes with your answers. Together with the current interval, it determines the next interval. The previous value is in ().
Recall & Lapses: how often have you known and forgotten the card.
Dates: the important time-points of the card, shown as dates and days from today
Plot: shows the answer history, horizontally the time, vertical the answers or the commitment point




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Card Status Chart

Displays how well you know the cards in the selection (based on the intervals between Reviews):

Uncommited: cards not in learning process
Young: interval <20 days
Matured: interval <200 days
Established: interval <1000 days
Solid: interval >=1000 days



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Review Answers

Which answer you gave how often during the Review.

Typically Forgot should be between 5 and 10%. If lower, the material is easy, or you have a good memory. Possible reasons for it being significantly larger than 10%:
• Cards are too difficult, change them (->FAQ)
• You are too lazy and waited too long to do the Reviews



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Newly learned

How many new cards have you committed per day in the past and when were you the most diligent.

With the usual chart features.



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Reviewed Done

This chart displays how hard-working (or not) you were in the past, based on the number of Reviews.
: you can select several stacks and compare their relative contribution.



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Predict Workload

There are different reasons for future reviews:
• Cards are Already Scheduled Reviews, based on previously committing them. These reviews are there for sure.
Added by Forgotten Cards are an estimated reviews based on statistics.
Workload from new Commits is a prediction of work generated by card freshly added to the learning process.

Use this chart to estimate if your current rate of committing cards is not overwhelming you with work in the future. The first two reasons can only be changed by deleting or releasing cards, on the last you have an influence on the stack level.
Changing the value in the caption is only giving you an outlook, it is not changing the AutoCommits themselves.



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Remembrance

A pie chart displaying how well you remembered individual cards:

Perfect: 100% of all reviews
Good >=85% of the reviews
Medium >=75% of the reviews
Weak <75% of the reviews and <5 lapses
Poor <75% of the reviews and >=5 lapses

The formula for this: Recalls/(Recalls+Lapses)*100%



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Card Interval

The more detailed plot version of the corresponding Card Status pie chart.

The interval increases with positive answers and lower difficulty.
If you show All, you can see also longest intervals your cards have. This can be several 1000s of days if you stick to Memorión for a longer time .



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Recalls

Displays how many positive answers you had per card.

For ripened stacks this will typically peak at 6-7, since 6-7 positive answers lead to an interval of 1000s of days.
Cards with many more Recalls you have forgotten a couple of times as well.



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Lapses

Display how often you forgotten individual card.

Typically this peaks strongly at 0, otherwise you should make better cards (->FAQ).



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Forget Rate

This is for hardcore statisticians :
This chart shows the probability that you forgot a card as function of the duration you have not seen it.
I expect it to be around 10% (hatched line), if you are below, you have a good memory.
Especially for longer intervals the data is noisy, so I added error bars and the opacity of the bin increases with the number of reviews in this interval (meaning transparent bins contribute only very little to the work needed).



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Interval Per Review

This plot demonstrates the core of Memorións benefit: you have to touch cards only rarely to keep them alive in your memory with >95% probability.

This is a histogram of (Days-since-Commitment / #Reviews)



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Forget Rate

This is for hardcore statisticians :
This chart shows the probability that you forgot a card as function of the duration you have not seen it.
I expect it to be around 10% (hatched line), if you are below, you have a good memory.
Especially for longer intervals the data is noisy, so I added error bars and the opacity of the bin increases with the number of reviews in this interval (meaning transparent bins contribute only very little to the work needed).



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Review Hour

Tells you when during the day you did your Reviews.
Are you doing better on the Reviews early in the morning or is the post-lunch tiredness killing our memory...?
This can be best avaluated when tapping on the '%' (only possible, when looking at the database or a single stack).
Hatched Line



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Review Promptness

Displays the quality of answers as a function of how long your have been putting off the Review.
The delay is shown as percentage of the interval, since e.g. for a card with an interval of a 100 days a delay of 5 days is less harmful than if the the interval is just 8 days.
Hatched Line
Tapping the '►#' displays the number of cards, not the relative percentages.



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Answer Duration

Displays how the quality of your answer correlates with the time you need to answer.
The '#' gives the frequency of answers for a duration, the '%' the relative contribution of the answers.
Hatched Line

Typical Behaviour:
'%': If you know cards well, you will answer probably in a few seconds, if you don't know them, you answer this within 2 seconds or you think >10s about it.
'#': You will have a peak at 4-8s, after that it is trailing off.



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ThemeEdit Page

Themes define the visual appearance of card, the location and styles of the diffent placeholders that as used by the mapping to fill-in the card fields on the card.

There are a few themes predefined, but feel free to define your own.
They are placed in the Memorion/Themes folder on the SD card, therefore you can even share them.




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ThemeEdit Page Gestures

This page has these gestures:

Card: Link



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Select Theme

gives you the choice between different themes, moves one-by-one through the list.

Edit theme … will open the HTML file for direct editing, but preferably the theme is changed by tapping the placeholders to change them on an individual basis.

When a theme itself was changed with one of the previous methods, moving through the theme list or tapping the Back button will give you the option to save this theme under the current or a new name.

Default Themes




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Card swipes

& will flip trough the different themes.



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Default Style

Defines default font style and alignment, background, padding etc., that is the basis of all placeholders.
The placeholders can redefine the style, e.g. turn the center alignment into a left alignment (Inheritance).



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Header Placeholder

These placeholders are typically used to categorize the card (name of the stack and/or its parent), e.g. into which language to translate the word. Or to ask for specific information, e.g. 'N - 2 / vaa' (this is a noun with 2 translations, the word family contains also a verb and two adjectives)



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Question Placeholder

Here the Mapping fills-in the question to ask from the card fields.
Front and backside can look different.



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Answer Placeholder

Here the Mapping fills-in the answer from the card fields. Front- and backside can look different.
The frontside value is not used in the moment, but there are plans to do so.



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Footer Placeholder

Contain extra information, e.g. examples, background, irregularities, etc. Usually the remembrance of this part should not be graded in the Review, otherwise the cards become to complicated to remember.
Front- and backside can look different.



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Question Mark

Also the style of the question mark can be changed.



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Revert

Is enabled when the styles of the current theme have changed.
This can have an effect on several stacks.
Tapping will undo changes since entering this page.



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Cancel

Is enabled when the name of the theme has changed.
Tapping will choose the original theme name and close this page.



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Flip

Flips card display between Frontside and Backside.



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Preview

Toggle card view between edit side with hyperlinks and a preview rendering the first few cards (through which you can and ).
If in this stack there are no cards in this level, placeholders are shown.



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Delete Theme

Deletes the currently visible theme.
The DefaultTheme cannot be deleted. For all others, the program will first show which stacks are affected (for those, the theme will be reset to DefaultTheme).



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Back

Depending on what has changed it will ask to save:
Select a new Theme: the new name will be saved to the current stack.
Change to the theme itself: Memorión will show the stacks effected and allows to save the theme under a new name to only effect the current stack. Discard will revert the changes and exit.



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MappingEdit Page

Mappings define where the different cards fields are shown on the card view. Among other things this powerful mechanism is perfect for multi-directional learning since the same cards can be shown in different ways.
The default mapping have their main function stated in their names, but feel free to define your own.
They are placed in the Memorion/Mappings folder on the SD card, therefore you can even share them.




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